What Is The Definition Of Health And How To Achieve It?
Health, as defined by the World Health Organization, is an “orderly state of full physical, mental and emotional well being and not just the absence of illness and infirmity.” Various definitions have also been used over the years. In a broad sense, it includes the knowledge of how to live a healthy lifestyle that reduces the risk of disease and contributes to optimum health. It also refers to preventive measures, such as those that reduce the risk of death and injury brought about by health complications.
According to the Centers For Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), a definition of health care that emphasizes prevention is called the best possible care for the shortest length of time. The definition is not dependent on whether the patient receives care through an HMO, PPO or other health care system. Instead, the focus of the definition is on quality of care. For this reason, some refer to it as an accountable care system, because patients control their own health care by reporting when they experience certain experiences or problems with healthcare.
The definition further includes four basic components: Physical Health, Mental Health, Behavioral Health, and Social Support. These components are considered necessary in all settings, except where there is a physical or mental disorder, which is to be treated separately. They include the ability to get and maintain the proper nutrition; to work, handle physical activities and cope with stress; and to enjoy and be able to cope with peer relationships, schools and work. In addition, the four components should incorporate the ability to perform usual daily tasks without extreme pain and impairment, to be active and healthy and to be able to make an informed decision about taking drugs, using prescribed drugs, and working with others. These should be the norm for everyone, regardless of their physical abilities.